ANN ARBOR, Mich. — An Olympic wrestler has accused a University of Michigan doctor of touching him inappropriately during medical exams at the school and said the physician's reputation for such conduct was well known among his teammates.
Andy Hrovat, who competed for the U.S. in the 2008 Summer Olympics, told The Associated Press on Thursday that the encounters with the late Dr. Robert E. Anderson happened during his freshman year in 1998.
"I would like to let people know that it's OK to come out," Hrovat said in an interview from his attorney's office in Denver. "It's OK to let your voice be heard."
He is the first athlete to make public accusations against Anderson following complaints this week from other former students that the doctor sexually abused them decades ago. The revelations echo high-profile sexual abuse allegations made against sports doctors at other universities.
"I was warned about him from teammates, saying, 'If anything happens and you go see the doctor, he's going to inappropriately touch you, that's just what Dr. A does,’" Hrovat recalled.
He declined to describe the exam, saying he was uncomfortable talking about it.
"To me, the mental part of it of having to go in there knowing that this doctor was going to touch you inappropriately is what sticks out most in my mind," he said.
Hrovat said he did not tell then-Michigan wrestling coach Dale Bahr or anyone in athletic administration about Anderson's conduct.
"In my mind, he normalized what he was doing and made you think that was just a normal part of the procedure," he said. "So why would you tell somebody?"
Speaking to the AP on Friday, Bill Martin, who was Michigan’s athletic director from 2000 to 2010, said Anderson had not even been on his radar.
"I actually never met him and never heard one word about him good, bad or indifferent," Martin said in a telephone interview.
On Thursday, the university's president apologized to "anyone who was harmed" by Anderson. His comment came a day after the school announced that it had launched an investigation into Anderson's behaviour following abuse allegations from five former patients.
Another former student, Gary Bailey, told the AP that Anderson dropped his pants and asked him to fondle his genitals in a medical exam during Bailey's senior year in 1968 or 1969. Bailey said he filled out a complaint form to the University Health Service within a month or so, writing that the behaviour was "inappropriate."
"I never heard anything about it ever again," said Bailey, now 72.
Officials have acknowledged that some university employees were aware of accusations against the doctor prior to a 2018 complaint that led to a police investigation.
University President Mark Schlissel opened a meeting of the school's Board of Regents Thursday by reading a prepared statement about Anderson, who died in 2008.
"The patient-physician relationship involves a solemn commitment and trust," he said. "The allegations are highly disturbing. On behalf of the university, I apologize to anyone who was harmed by Dr. Anderson."
University spokesman Rick Fitzgerald said Thursday that, since the investigation was announced, 22 people have called a hotline to report on interactions with the onetime director of the University Health Service and physician for the football team. Fitzgerald said he did not have detailed information about the individual callers or what they described. He said some of the callers reported having no issues with Anderson.
"It was a traumatic thing at the time," Bailey said of his experience with Anderson. While the abuse has not "ruined my life or anything, it may have other people and that's why I'm bringing my story to light."
Bailey, who is gay, said Anderson "preyed a little bit on people who were gay ... because he sort of thought that they wouldn't say anything because, you know, people were pretty closeted back then." He said he told friends about the abuse decades ago.
Bailey, of Dowagiac, Michigan, first publicly spoke to The Detroit News.
Another man, Robert Julian Stone, told the AP on Wednesday that Anderson assaulted him during a medical appointment at the university's health centre in 1971. Stone said he alerted university officials last summer, inspired by the national #MeToo movement against sexual misconduct.
The AP left phone messages with two of Anderson's three children. An email was sent to the third seeking comment.
Fitzgerald said he could not elaborate on investigators' findings that some university employees were aware of accusations against the doctor prior to the 2018 complaint that led to a police investigation.
John Manly, a lawyer for many of the hundreds of victims of now-imprisoned former Michigan State University sports doctor Larry Nassar, said Thursday that half a dozen people have called his California-based firm alleging abuse by Anderson – mostly ex-football players and wrestlers. He said they were fearful of what could happen to their positions on teams or at the school if they reported what he did to them.
"As men in their 30s up to their 60s, there is a real shame associated with this," he said. "Most didn’t speak up because they were concerned he wouldn’t clear them to play. And if you’re not cleared by the doctor, you lose your athletic scholarship. He had tremendous control. These at the time boys and young men were subjected to this stuff knowing that if they said anything, they were fearful he would retaliate."
Manly urged the university to ensure that alleged victims have a neutral third party, either law enforcement or a counselling service, to call to discuss what happened to them. He said he is concerned that the school has asked people to reach out directly through the hotline.
"My experience has been that’s much more about liability protection than helping the victims," Manly said. "It’s really important that one of America’s greatest universities act like it and treat these people not as adversaries but as people that are injured and that deserve support. My fear is that’s not happening."
The university said the July 2018 complaint came from a former student athlete who wrote to Athletic Director Warde Manuel alleging abuse by Anderson during medical exams in the early 1970s.
Fitzgerald said he also could not answer questions about the scope of the police investigation, including whether investigators reviewed Anderson's resignation as head of the health service in 1980 or his retirement in 2003.
The university police department referred the AP to the university's Division of Public Safety and Security for questions about the investigation. A spokeswoman for the division did not reply to an email with specific questions about the investigation Thursday.
Washtenaw County prosecutors first received the police department's report in late April or early May of 2019, said Steven Hiller, assistant chief prosecuting attorney.
A prosecutor concluded that summer that no criminal charges could be authorized because the primary suspect had died and none of the offences were within Michigan's six-year statute of limitations, Hiller said Thursday.
The university said in a statement Wednesday that it was making the information public following a determination a day earlier by prosecutors that no criminal charges would be authorized. Fitzgerald said late Thursday that the campus police department reviewed its records and emails and found "no documentation indicating that the prosecutor's review had been completed prior to" Tuesday.
"As we move forward, and in consultation with the Prosecutor’s Office, we all agree there is value in adopting a more formal process for notification when formal criminal charges are not filed," Fitzgerald said.
Hiller did not immediately return a message on Friday morning about the university's statement.
Foody reported from Chicago. Eggert reported from Lansing, Michigan. Associated Press researchers Jennifer Farrar, Randy Herschaft and Rhonda Shafner in New York, and AP writers Tammy Webber in Chicago and Kantele Franko in Columbus, Ohio, contributed to this report.
This story was originally sent on Feb. 20 and Feb. 21.